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Magura Cave

Sehenswürdigkeiten

Erstellt am 31.12.2020,

zuletzt geändert von »biroto-Redaktion« am 31.12.2020

Radwege und Fahrrad-Touren in der Nähe

Name/BezeichnungTypkm zur Strecke

Vorbalkan

Route

0,2 km

busy

 

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Name u. Anschrift

Magura Cave

BG-3938 Раяновци / Rabisha

GEO-Koordinaten

43.726979 22.583663

Kommunikation

Tel.

+359 ∎∎∎ ∎∎∎∎∎

Internet

∎∎∎.∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎.∎∎∎/

Magura Höhle
Magura Höhle
Magura Höhle
Magura Höhle
Magura Höhle
Magura Höhle

The Magura Cave (Bulgarian "пещера Магура") is located in north-western Bulgaria close to the village of Rabisha, 25 km (16 mi) from the town of Belogradchik in Vidin Province.

The prehistoric wall paintings of Magura have great resemblance with those of the Grotta dei Cervi in Italy, which are of exceptional expression and artistic depth and are considered the most significant works of art of the European Post-Paleolithic era.

Guided visits are conducted by the staff of Belogradchik municipality, to which the management of the cave was transferred in 2012 by the Bulgarian Council of Ministers.

In 1984 the site was induced into UNESCO's tentative list of World Heritage.

Description

The total length of the 15 million year old cave is 2.5 km (1.6 mi). The average annual temperature of the cave is 12 °C (54 °F; 285 K), except for one room where the temperature is always 15 °C (59 °F; 288 K). The air humidity reaches 80% and the displacement - 56 m (184 ft). The Magura cave was formed in the limestone Rabisha Hill (461 m (1,512 ft) above sea level). The morphology of the cave consists of one main gallery with six various-sized halls and three lateral galleries around it. The main gallery is composed of six chambers, variously sized; the largest one, the so-called Arc Hall, is 128 m (420 ft) long, 58 m (190 ft) wide and 21 m (69 ft) high, including impressive natural vaults, speleothems, spectacular stalactites and stalagmites, named The Poplar, The Pipe Organ, The Oriental City and The Cactus. The very spacious site also allows for music concerts to be held during Christmas and Easter.

Paintings

Cave paintings dating from the Epipaleolithic, late Neolithic, Eneolithic and early Bronze Age decorate some of the cave's walls. The paintings have been estimated to be made between 10.000 and 8.000 years ago. The drawings represent important events of the society that had occupied the Magura cave: religious ceremonies, hunting scenes and depictions of deities which are unique on the Balkan peninsula. The Fertility Dance and the Hunting Ceremony rank among the most noteworthy paintings.

Informationen zu Urheber-Rechten

Rechte-Ausprägung / Lizenz

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Namensnennung, Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen

Link zur Rechtebeschreibung

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/de/

Text(e) übernommen von:

Wikipedia contributors, 'Magura Cave', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 10 August 2020, 21:29 UTC, <https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Magura_Cave&oldid=972218330> [accessed 31 December 2020]

übernommen / bearbeitet am

31.12.2020

übernommen / bearbeitet durch

biroto-Redaktion

Öffnungszeiten:

From 01 January to 31 March

From 01 April to 30 September

From 01 October to 1 January

Magura cave

 

From Monday to Sunday

every day

09.30 - 18.30

First entry for the day - 10.00

Last entry for the day - 16.30

Every day

every day

09.30 - 18.30

First entry for the day - 10.00

Last entry for the day - 16.30

From Monday to Sunday

every day

09.30 - 18.30

First entry for the day - 10.00

Last entry for the day - 16.00

Radwege und Fahrrad-Touren in der Nähe

Name/BezeichnungTypkm zur Strecke

Vorbalkan

Route

0,2 km

Erstellt am 31.12.2020,

zuletzt geändert von »biroto-Redaktion« am 31.12.2020