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Palácio Nacional de Mafra

Sehenswürdigkeiten

Erstellt am 10.02.2021,

zuletzt geändert von »biroto-Redaktion« am 11.02.2021

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Caminhos do Mar

Route

0,1 km

busy

 

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Burg/Schloss / Weltkulturerbe

 
 

Name u. Anschrift

Palácio Nacional de Mafra

Terreiro Dom João V

PT-2640-525 Mafra

GEO-Koordinaten

38.936813 -9.327350

Kommunikation

Tel.

+351 ∎∎∎ ∎∎∎∎∎

Internet

∎∎∎.∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎.∎∎/

Westansicht Palácio Nacional de Mafra
Westansicht Palácio Nacional de Mafra
Nationalpalast von Mafra, Hauptschiff der Basilika
Nationalpalast von Mafra, Hauptschiff der Basilika
Nationalpalast von Mafra, Bibliotek
Nationalpalast von Mafra, Bibliotek
Nationalpalast von Mafra, königliche Wohnungen
Nationalpalast von Mafra, königliche Wohnungen

The Palace of Mafra (Portuguese: Palácio de Mafra), also known as the Palace-Convent of Mafra and the Royal Building of Mafra (Real Edifício de Mafra), is a monumental Baroque and Neoclassical palace-monastery located in Mafra Wikipedia Icon, Portugal, some 28 kilometres from Lisbon Wikipedia Icon. Construction began in 1717 under King John V of Portugal and was completely concluded in 1755.

The palace was classified as a National Monument in 1910 and was also a finalist in the Seven Wonders of Portugal Wikipedia Icon. On 7 July 2019, the Royal Building of Mafra – Palace, Basilica, Convent, Cerco Garden and Hunting Park (Tapada) was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

History

The palace, which also served as a Franciscan friary, was built during the reign of King John V (1707–1750), as consequence of a vow the king made in 1711, to build a convent if his wife, Queen Mariana, gave him offspring. The birth of his first daughter the Infanta Barbara of Portugal, prompted construction of the palace to begin. The palace was conveniently located near royal hunting preserves, and was usually a secondary residence for the royal family.

The construction was funded from the proceeds of slave labour in Brazil, mining gold and then diamonds in vast quantities.

This vast complex, largely built of Lioz stone, is among the most sumptuous Baroque buildings in Portugal and at 40,000 m², one of the largest royal palaces. Designed by the German architect João Frederico Ludovice, the palace was built symmetrically from a central axis, occupied by the basilica, and continues lengthwise through the main façade until two major towers. The structures of the convent are located behind the main façade. The building also includes a major library, with about 30,000 rare books. The basilica is decorated with several Italian statues and includes six historical pipe organs and two carillons, composed of 98 bells.

Informationen zu Urheber-Rechten

Rechte-Ausprägung / Lizenz

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Namensnennung, Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen

Link zur Rechtebeschreibung

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/de/

Text(e) übernommen von:

Wikipedia contributors, 'Palace of Mafra', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 29 December 2020, 19:48 UTC, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Palace_of_Mafra&oldid=997049841 [accessed 10 February 2021]

übernommen / bearbeitet am

10.02.2021

übernommen / bearbeitet durch

biroto-Redaktion

Öffnungszeiten:

Palace: 09h30/17h00 (last admission 16h30)
Basilica: Everyday form 09.30h to 17h00
Library (readers, by previous appointment): Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday   09h30/12h30 - 14.00h/16.00h

Radwege und Fahrrad-Touren in der Nähe

Name/BezeichnungTypkm zur Strecke

Caminhos do Mar

Route

0,1 km

Erstellt am 10.02.2021,

zuletzt geändert von »biroto-Redaktion« am 11.02.2021