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Visby

Sehenswürdigkeiten

Erstellt am 14.02.2023,

zuletzt geändert von »biroto-Redaktion« am 14.02.2023

Radwege und Fahrrad-Touren in der Nähe

Name/BezeichnungTypkm zur Strecke

Gotland Radroute

Route

0,3 km

busy

 

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Art der Sehenswürdigkeit

Historisches Ortsbild / Weltkulturerbe

 
 

Name u. Anschrift

Visby

SE-621 56 Visby

GEO-Daten

GEO-Koordinaten

57.640623 18.296045

Höhe

25 m

Kommunikation

Visby, Kathedrale vom Almedalen Park aus gesehen
Visby, Kathedrale vom Almedalen Park aus gesehen
Visby, Stora Torget
Visby, Stora Torget
Binnenhafen von Visby vom Meer aus
Binnenhafen von Visby vom Meer aus
Visby, Stadtmauer
Visby, Stadtmauer

Visby is one of the most remarkable towns in the Nordic countries. It is on the west coast of Sweden's largest island Gotland Wikivoyage Icon in the Baltic Sea with about 23,000 citizens. Visby is known for the city wall, the Cathedral and many church ruins. In 1995 the old city was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site.

During the Swedish summer, from mid-June to mid-August, Visby is crowded. It is one of the best party cities in Sweden in the summer. Many Visby residents leave during these hectic months and let their apartments to visitors. During the rest of the year, the atmosphere is quite different.

Understand

Visby is on the western shore of Gotland, and is the only city on the island. The old city centre is encircled by a medieval city wall. The old city has an oblong shape along the shore, measuring some 2 km in length and half a km in breadth. It is often called "the city of roses and ruins": roses thrive on the limestone island, and the city is filled with medieval ruins.

Around 900 AD, Visby became a hub for trading in the Baltic Sea, and it eventually became a member of the Hanseatic League . During the 12th, 13th and 14th centuries the city prospered, and several churches as well as a major defensive wall were constructed. Visby's long period of decline began in 1361, when the Danish king Valdemar IV conquered Gotland and held Visby for ransom, threatening to pillage the city if he did not get three beer barrels filled with gold and silver. In the latter part of the 14th century Visby became a nest of a pirate organization called "The Victual Brothers". The Danes regained control over the island in 1409 and construction of the major fortification Wisborg started two years later. In 1525 the city was burnt by occupying Hanseatic troops. Much of the city was never re-built after this, and many of Visby's ruins stem from this event. In the 17th century, Gotland became a part of Sweden rather than Denmark. In order to prevent Wisborg from falling into Swedish hands the castle was destroyed by Danish troops. In the latter part of the 19th century the city started growing due to industrialization and an emerging tourist industry, and eventually came to develop beyond the old city walls.

As the Pippi Longstocking movies were shot in Visby, and the original Villa Villekulla can be visited in Kneippbyn in the city outskirts, it is a great destination for Astrid Lindgren tourism Wikivoyage Icon.

See

Note that many of the town's attractions are only open during the summer months, usually until Aug 30th.

Old Town
  • City wall (Visby stadsmur, Ringmuren). Built during the 13th and 14th centuries, Visby's city wall stretches almost 3.5 km and stands 11 m high. Today, 36 towers and three main gates remain. 
  • DBW's Botanical Gardens. Enter through the "Door of Love" to this picturesque garden of trees and ruins. 
  • Klinten. Once the workers' quarter and now a popular spot to take in the view over the lower town, Klinten is an attractive maze of small, rose covered, homes. 
  • Visborg Castle Ruins, Södra Slottsgränd 4. A major fortress built in the early 15th century. It was demolished by Danish forces in 1679 in when it became clear that Gotland would fall into Swedish hands. 
  • Visby Cathedral (St. Maria church), Västra Kyrkogatan. Built in the early 13th century. Wikipedia Icon
Church ruins in the Old Town

Visby once had many more churches, but most of them were destroyed in a major fire in 1525. Today the ruins of these remain as attractions.

  • St. Clemens ruins, Smedjegatan 3.
  • St. Gerturde ruins, S:ta Gertruds gränd 6. 
  • St. Hans & St. Per ruins. The ruins of two connected churches 
  • St. Katarina ruins (St. Karin ruins), Stora Torget 2. 
  • St. Nicolaus ruins, Smedjegatan 19. 
  • St. Olof ruins (located in the Botanical Gardens). 
Museums
  • Gotlands Museum, Strandgatan 14, +46 498 29 27 00. Summer: 10.00–18.00 daily. Off season: Tu–Su 11.00–16.00. Museum of local history (Fornsalen), plus a science museum for children (Fenomenalen). June–Aug: 150 kr, Sep–May: 100 kr. A combined ticket with the Art Museum is 160 kr. (updated Jun 2019)
  • Gotlands Konstmuseum (Gotland Art Museum), S:t Hansgatan 21, +46 498 29 27 00. Summer: Daily 10.00-18.00, Off season: Tu-Su 12:00-16:00. An art museum, mostly exhibiting contemporary art but also some applied art and design. They also offer a child-friendly Creative Art Workshop. 80 kr, a combined ticket with the Historical Museum is 160 kr. (updated Jun 2019)

Informationen zu Urheber-Rechten

Rechte-Ausprägung / Lizenz

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Namensnennung, Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen

Link zur Rechtebeschreibung

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/de/

Text(e) übernommen von:

Wikivoyage contributors, 'Visby', Wikivoyage, The FREE worldwide travel guide that anyone can edit, 29 January 2023, 13:03 UTC, https://en.wikivoyage.org/w/index.php?title=Visby&oldid=4610456 Wikivoyage Icon [accessed 14 February 2023] 

übernommen / bearbeitet am

14.02.2023

übernommen / bearbeitet durch

biroto-Redaktion

Radwege und Fahrrad-Touren in der Nähe

Name/BezeichnungTypkm zur Strecke

Gotland Radroute

Route

0,3 km

Erstellt am 14.02.2023,

zuletzt geändert von »biroto-Redaktion« am 14.02.2023