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København

Worth visiting

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Type of sights

Heritage building(s)

 

Name and address

København

DK-1550 København

Geodetic coordinates

55.675952 12.568423

Communication

Christiansborg Palace and Chapel on Slotsholmen in Copenhagen
Christiansborg Palace and Chapel on Slotsholmen in Copenhagen
Borsen København
Borsen København
Amalienborg Castle, Copenhagen
Amalienborg Castle, Copenhagen
Nyhavn, København
Nyhavn, København

Copenhagen (ˈkoʊpənheɪɡən/ or /ˈkoʊpənhɑːɡən/; Danish: København pronounced [kʰøb̥m̩ˈhɑʊ̯ˀn]) is the capital of Denmark and its most populous city, with an urban population of about 1,213,000.

The oldest section of Copenhagen's inner city is often referred to as "Middelalderbyen" (The Medieval City). However, the most distinctive district of Copenhagen is Frederiksstaden Wikipedia Icon developed during the reign of Frederick V. It has Amalienborg Palace Wikipedia Icon at its centre and is dominated by the dome of Frederik's Church Wikipedia Icon (The Marble Church) and several elegant 18th century mansions. The old inner city of Copenhagen includes the small island of Slotsholmen Wikipedia Icon with Christiansborg Palace Wikipedia Icon and Christianshavn Wikipedia Icon. Around the historical city centre lies a band of congenial residential bouroughs (Vesterbro, Inner Nørrebro, Inner Østerbro) dating mainly from late 19th century. They were built outside the old ramparts of the city when the city was finally allowed to expand beyond this barrier.

Sometimes referred to as "the City of Spires", Copenhagen is known for its horizontal skyline, only broken by spires at churches and castles. Most characteristic is the baroque spire of Church of Our Saviour Wikipedia Icon with its spiralling and narrowing external stairs that visitors can climb to the very top of the spire. Other important spires are those of Christiansborg Palace Wikipedia Icon, the City Hall Wikipedia Icon and the former Church of St. Nikolaj that now houses a modern art venue. A bit lower are the renaissance spires of Rosenborg Castle Wikipedia Icon and the "dragon spire" of Christian IV's former stock exchange Wikipedia Icon, so named because it resembles the tails of four dragons twined together.

Recent years have seen a boom in modern architecture in Copenhagen both when it comes to Danish architecture and works by international architects. For a few hundred years, virtually no foreign architects had worked in Copenhagen but since the turn of the millennium the city and its immediate sourroundings have seen buildings and projects from international star architects. In the same time, a number of Danish architects have achieved success in Copenhagen and abroad. Buildings in Copenhagen have won RIBA European Awards four years in a row ("Sampension" in 2005, "Kilen" in 2006, "Tietgenkollegiet" in 2007 and the Royal Playhouse Wikipedia Icon in 2008.) The last three mentioned projects are all by Lundgaard & Tranberg Architects. At the 2008 World Architecture Festival in Barcelona, Bjarke Ingels Group won an award for the World's Best Residential Building 2008 for a house in Ørestad. The Forum AID Award for Best building in Scandinavia went to Copenhagen buildings both in 2006 and 2008. In 2008 British design magazine Monocle named Copenhagen the World's best design city 2008.

The boom in urban development and modern architecture has brought some changes to the city's skyline. A political majority has decided to keep the historical centre free of high-rise buildings, but several areas will see or have already seen massive urban development. Ørestad Wikipedia Icon now has seen most of the recent development. Located near Copenhagen Airport Wikipedia Icon, it currently boasts one of the largest malls in Scandinavia and a variety of office and residential buildings as well as IT University Wikipedia Icon and a high school. The two largest hotels in Scandinavia are currently under construction (ultimo 2008).

An ambitious regeneration project will create a new Carlsberg District Wikipedia Icon at the historical premises of the Carlsberg Breweries Wikipedia Icon that has terminated the production of beer in Copenhagen and moved it to Fredericia Wikipedia Icon. The district will have a total of nine high-rise buildings and seeks to mix the old industrial buildings with modern architecture to create a dense, maze-like quarter with a focus on sustainability and an active urban life. A third major area of urban development also with a focus on sustainability is Nordhavn Wikipedia Icon. The Copenhagen tradition with urban development on artificial islands that was initiated with Christian IV's construction of Christianshavn Wikipedia Icon has recently been continued with the creation of Havneholmen Wikipedia Icon as well as a canal district Wikipedia Icon at Sluseholmen Wikipedia Icon in the South Harbour Wikipedia Icon. A district in Copenhagen with a different take on modern architecture is that of Christiania Wikipedia Icon whose many creative and idiosyncratic buildings are exponents of an "architecture without architects".

Information about copyright

Rights characteristic / license

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Attribution-ShareAlike

Link to the description of the license

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

Input taken over from:

Wikipedia contributors, 'Copenhagen', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 12 September 2012, 14:28 UTC, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Copenhagen&oldid=512017598 [accessed 15 September 2012]

taken over / edited on

15 Sep 2012 - 20 Apr 2015

taken over / edited by

biroto-Redaktion

Added on 15 Sep 2012,

last edited by »biroto-Redaktion« on 29 Sep 2019