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Burg Turku

Worth visiting

Added on 15 Apr 2013,

last edited by »Ottocolor« on 16 Apr 2013

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Type of sights

Castle/palace

 

Name and address

Burg Turku
Turku castle/Turun linna

Linnankatu 80

FI-20100 Turku

Geodetic coordinates

60.435679 22.229149

Communication

Phone

+358 ∎ ∎∎∎∎∎∎

Internet

∎∎∎.∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎.∎∎/∎∎/∎∎∎∎∎-∎∎∎∎∎∎_∎∎

Turku Castle bailey
Turku Castle bailey
Old side of the castle
Old side of the castle
Castle and harbour
Castle and harbour
From the castle courtyard
From the castle courtyard

Turku Castle (Finnish: Turun linna, Swedish: Åbo slott) is a medieval building in the city of Turku Wikipedia Icon in Finland. Together with Turku Cathedral Wikipedia Icon, the castle is one of the oldest buildings still in use in Finland. Turku Castle is the largest surviving medieval building in Finland. It was founded in the late 13th century and stands on the banks of the Aura River Wikipedia Icon.

History

A start was made on building the castle in about 1280. The Swedish conquerors of Finland intended it originally as a military fortress Wikipedia Icon. During the next two centuries its defences were strengthened and living quarters were added. The castle served as a bastion Wikipedia Icon and administrative centre in Eastland, as Finland was then known, during the Swedish period. The main part of the castle was extended considerably during the 16th century after Gustav Vasa Wikipedia Icon had ascended the Swedish throne and his son John Wikipedia Icon headed the Finnish administration following his promotion to duke. The bailey Wikipedia Icon was also supplemented and the round tower at the southeast corner of the bailey was added. Since then no part of the castle has been added or extended, only repaired.

The castle was ruled in different stages of its history by the castle sheriff, commander, regent, duke or governor-general. Its significance as a defensive fortress and administrative centre varied throughout the ages according to the political situation. Only once did the castle actually figure in the defence of the realm. This was when Russian invaders from Novgorod Wikipedia Icon destroyed Turku in 1318. On the other hand, it frequently played a role in internal struggles for power within Sweden-Finland and the Kalmar Union Wikipedia Icon. Not until the end of 16th century did it really enjoy peace. The castle lost its status as an administrative centre in the 17th century after Per Brahe Wikipedia Icon's period as governor-general of Finland came to an end.

Construction

The layout of the castle consists of the Medieval keep Wikipedia Icon (päälinna) and Renaissance bailey Wikipedia Icon (esilinna). The keep consists of a square fort with two square gateway towers whose wall thickness at the base is some 5 meters.

In the Middle Ages the castle was surrounded by a moat Wikipedia Icon conjoining with the River Aura Wikipedia Icon, the castle effectively lying on an island. The keep was completed in the early 15th century. Construction of the bailey was begun in the late 15th century and finished in the 16th. The bailey is not as heavily fortified as the keep, but it has several turrets Wikipedia Icon. The Renaissance construction work included heavy modification of nearly all the rooms in the older medieval part of the castle. Since the Renaissance no additions have been made to the castle.

The modest military fortification Wikipedia Icon grew into a massive greystone castle, whose solid walls have witnessed many milestones in Nordic history. The castle has been subject to numerous sieges Wikipedia Icon and several battles have been waged aside its walls. Of all Finnish castles, Turku castle has the most warlike history besides Vyborg castle Wikipedia Icon and Olavinlinna Wikipedia Icon.

Information about copyright

Rights characteristic / license

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Attribution-ShareAlike

Link to the description of the license

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

Input taken over from:

Turku Castle. (2013, March 25). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 17:41, April 15, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Turku_Castle&oldid=546966293

taken over / edited on

15 Apr 2013

taken over / edited by

Ottocolor

Hours of opening:

  • Tue–Sun 10–18
  • Mondays closed

Limited opening times 2013

  • Thur 28 March 10–15
  • Tue 30 April 10–15
  • Thur 20 June 10–15
  • Thur 5 December 10–15

The museum is closed 

  • 29 March – 1 April
  • 1 May
  • 9 May
  • 21–23 June
  • 6 December 
  • 24–25 December
  • 31 December – 1 January

Added on 15 Apr 2013,

last edited by »Ottocolor« on 16 Apr 2013