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Saint-Malo

Worth visiting

Added on 25 Apr 2015,

last edited by »biroto-Redaktion« on 19 Oct 2017

Nearby cycle routes and tours

Route nameTypeDist. to route

Tour de Manche

Route

0,2 km

EuroVelo: Central Europe Route

Route

0,2 km

Voie Verte de Saint Malo à Rhuys

Route

3,6 km

Voie Verte de Saint Malo à Arzal

Route

3,6 km

Basel - Cape Finisterre

Tour

0,2 km

Hirtshals - Bayonne

Tour

0,2 km

Roscoff - Aachen

Tour

0,2 km

busy

 

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Type of sights

Old town

 

Name and address

Saint-Malo

FR-35400 Saint-Malo

Geodetic coordinates

48.649245 -2.025974

Communication

Château de Saint-Malo
Château de Saint-Malo
Remparts de Saint-Malo côté port
Remparts de Saint-Malo côté port
Walled city of Saint-Malo
Walled city of Saint-Malo
The house of Anne of Brittany in Saint-Malo
The house of Anne of Brittany in Saint-Malo

Saint-Malo (French pronunciation: [sɛ̃.ma.lo]; Gallo : Saent-Malô; Breton: Sant-Maloù) is a walled port city in Brittany in northwestern France on the English Channel.

Traditionally with an independent streak, Saint-Malo was in the past notorious for piracy. Today it is a major tourist destination, with many ancient, attractive buildings.

Saint-Malo during the Middle Ages was a fortified island at the mouth of the Rance River, controlling not only the estuary but the open sea beyond. The promontory fort of Aleth, south of the modern centre in what is now the Saint-Servan district, commanded approaches to the Rance even before the Romans, but modern Saint-Malo traces its origins to a monastic settlement founded by Saint Aaron and Saint Brendan early in the 6th century.

St. Malo is the setting of Marie de France's poem "Laustic", an 11th-century love story. Saint-Malo had a tradition of asserting its autonomy in dealings with the French authorities and even with the local Breton authorities. From 1590–1593, Saint-Malo declared itself to be an independent republic, taking the motto "not French, not Breton, but Malouins".

Saint-Malo became notorious as the home of the corsairs, French privateers and sometimes pirates. In the 19th century this "piratical" notoriety was portrayed in Jean Richepin's play Le flibustier and in César Cui's eponymous opera. The corsairs of Saint-Malo not only forced English ships passing up the Channel to pay tribute, but also brought wealth from further afield. In 1758 the Raid on St Malo saw a British expedition land intending to capture the town. However the British made no attempt on St Malo, and instead occupied the nearby town of St Servan where they destroyed 30 privateers before departing.

In World War II, during fighting in late August and early September 1944, the historic walled city of Saint-Malo was almost totally destroyed by U.S. shelling and bombing plus British naval gunfire. Saint-Malo was rebuilt over a 12-year period from 1948-1960.

Sites of interest

Now inseparably attached to the mainland, Saint-Malo is the most visited place in Brittany. Sites of interest include:

  • The walled city (La Ville Intra-Muros)
  • The château of Saint-Malo, part of which is now the town museum.
  • The Solidor Tower in Saint-Servan is a 14th-century building that holds a collection tracing the history of voyages around Cape Horn. Many scale models, nautical instruments and objects made by the sailors during their crossing or brought back from foreign ports invoke thoughts of travel aboard extraordinary tall ships at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century.
  • The tomb of the writer Chateaubriand on the Ile du Grand Bé
  • The Petit Bé
  • The Cathedral of St. Vincent (Saint-Malo Cathedral)
  • The Privateer's House ("La Demeure de Corsaire"), a ship-owner's town house built in 1725, shows objects from the history of privateering, weaponry and ship models.
  • The Great Aquarium Saint-Malo, one of the major aquaria in France.
  • The labyrinthe du Corsaire, (an attraction park in Saint Malo)
  • The Pointe de la Varde, Natural Park.
  • The City of Alet, in front of Saint Malo Intra Muros.
  • Fort National
  • Fort de la Conchée

Sleep

Inside the range of 4 km:

Useful

Inside the range of 4 km:

Information about copyright

Rights characteristic / license

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Attribution-ShareAlike

Link to the description of the license

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

Input taken over from:

Wikipedia contributors, 'Saint-Malo', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 25 March 2015, 17:24 UTC, <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Saint-Malo&oldid=653484013> [accessed 25 April 2015]

taken over / edited on

25 Apr 2015 - 19 Oct 2017

taken over / edited by

biroto-Redaktion

Nearby cycle routes and tours

Route nameTypeDist. to route

Tour de Manche

Route

0,2 km

EuroVelo: Central Europe Route

Route

0,2 km

Voie Verte de Saint Malo à Rhuys

Route

3,6 km

Voie Verte de Saint Malo à Arzal

Route

3,6 km

Basel - Cape Finisterre

Tour

0,2 km

Hirtshals - Bayonne

Tour

0,2 km

Roscoff - Aachen

Tour

0,2 km

Added on 25 Apr 2015,

last edited by »biroto-Redaktion« on 19 Oct 2017