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Thorn

Worth visiting

Added on 15 Aug 2019,

last edited by »biroto-Redaktion« on 15 Aug 2019

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Type of sights

Old town

 

Name and address

Thorn

NL-6017AR Maasgouw

Geodetic coordinates

51.161395 5.840693

Communication

Abdijkerk Thorn
Abdijkerk Thorn
Thorn
Thorn
Hofstraat von Thorn
Hofstraat von Thorn
Daalstraße in Thorn
Daalstraße in Thorn

Thorn is a town in the municipality of Maasgouw, in the Dutch province of Limburg. It lies on the rivers Meuse and Witbeek. It is known as 'the white village' for its white-washed brick houses in the centre of town.

History

First, the region of Thorn was a swamp nearby the Roman road between Maastricht and Nijmegen. But the region had been drained and about 975, Bishop Ansfried of Utrecht founded a Benedictine nunnery. This monastery developed since the 12th century into a secular stift or convent. The principal of the stift was the abbess. She was assisted by a chapter of at most twenty ladies of the highest nobility.

Previously the abbess and the chapter were endowed with religious tasks but, since the 12th century, they served secular matters and formed the government of a truly sovereign miniature principality, the smallest independent state in the German Holy Roman Empire, approximately 250 x 250 metres. Besides Thorn, Ittervoort, Grathem, Baexem, Stramproy, Ell, Haler and Molenbeersel belonged to this principality. After the French invasion in the winter of 1794–95 and the formal abolition in 1797 made an end to the existence of the abbey and the principality of Thorn; Thorn was first part of the department of Meuse-Inférieure, and after the Vienna Congress it became a municipality of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Information about copyright

Rights characteristic / license

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Attribution-ShareAlike

Link to the description of the license

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

Input taken over from:

Wikipedia contributors, 'Thorn, Netherlands', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 20 March 2019, 04:25 UTC, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thorn,_Netherlands&oldid=888595124 [accessed 15 August 2019]

taken over / edited on

15 Aug 2019

taken over / edited by

biroto-Redaktion

Added on 15 Aug 2019,

last edited by »biroto-Redaktion« on 15 Aug 2019