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Cycle Route Haapsalu - Rapla

No. of cycle route EE12

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Elevation profile Cycle Route Haapsalu - Rapla

Added on 11 Feb 2012,

on 13 Oct 2013

Cycle route metrics

Total distance in km

96

Cumulative elevation gain in m

486

Avg. slope uphill in %

0,51

Cumulative elevation loss in m

434

GPS track data

Information about rights to the gps-track data

Rights owner

Openstreetmap and Contributors + biroto-Redaktion (biroto.eu)

Rights characteristic / license

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Attribution-ShareAlike

Link to the description of the license

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

GPX file taken from

www.openstreetmap.org/browse/relation/1530034

GPX file uploaded

by biroto-Redaktion on 11 Feb 2012

Track points in total

918

Track points per km (avg)

10

Start/endpoint

Start location

Haapsalu linn, EE (11 m NHN)

End location

Rapla vald, EE (63 m NHN)

Character

The route crosses many small villages in West Estonia, running largely amid forests. The route foremost suits those cyclists who want the straightest ride from Central Estonia to islands. There are 15 km of gravel road between Martna and Kullamaa.

Information about copyright

Rights characteristic / license

© all rights reserved.

Input taken over from:

Copied from Esto Velo, permission received from Rein Lepik on 13 Oct. 2013.

taken over / edited on

13 Oct 2013

taken over / edited by

biroto-Redaktion

Signposting

Schild

Sources of information

Beds4Cyclists, worth visiting and infrastructure

Name and address

Latitude / Longitude

Phone
Fax
Mobile

Type of accommodation

Route km
Dist. to route
Elevation AMSL

Rating for cyclists

 

0 km
0,8 km
6 m

EE-90502 Haapsalu

 

Castle/palace

 
 
 
 

Haapsalu Castle

(also Haapsalu Episcopal Castle, Estonian: Haapsalu piiskopilinnus) is a castle with cathedral in Haapsalu, western Estonia. It was founded in the thirteenth century to be a center for the Bishopric of Ösel-Wiek.When there is a full moon in the month of August, it is said that an image of a maiden, the White Lady, appears on the inner wall of the chapel.

Castle

Construction, widening and reconstruction of the stronghold went on throughout several centuries, with the architecture changing according to the development of weapons. The stronghold achieved its final dimensions – area of more than 30,000 square metres, thickness of the wall between 1.2 and 1.8 meters (4–6 ft), and maximum height over 10 metres (33 ft) – under the reign of Bishop Johannes IV Kievel (1515–1527).The western side of the castle houses a 29-metre (95 ft) watchtower dating from the 13th century, later used as a bell tower. The walls were later raised to 15 metres (49 ft).

The inner trenches and blindages, which were built for cannons and as a shelter from bombing, date back to the Livonian War (1558–1582), but it was during this war that the stronghold was severely damaged. The walls of the small castle and the outer fortification were left partly destroyed.

In the 17th century, the castle was no longer used as a defensive building by the Swedes who now ruled the Swedish Estonian Province. In the course of the Great Northern War in 1710, Estonia fell under Russian rule and the walls were partially demolished at the command of the Peter I of Russia, turning the castle in effect into ruins.

St. Nicolas Cathedral

The Cathedral of Haapsalu was a cathedral (i.e. the main church) of the Bishopric of Ösel-Wiek, where the throne, the official chair of the Bishop, was situated and where the Chapter of the Bishopric worked. It is the biggest single-naved church in the Baltic countries, with its 15.5-metre (51 ft)-high domical vaults and an area of 425 m2 (4,575 sq ft).

Built in 1260, the church belongs to the transition period from Romanesque to Gothic architecture. The first is characterized by the plant ornament of the capital of the pilasters and the second by thee star (asteroid) vaults. The portal was also originally Romanesque – the vimperg on the round arch had a niche with the figure of the patron saint. The inner walls were covered with paintings, the floor consisting of the gravestones of clergymen and distinguished noblemen. A unique round baptismal chapel was built in the second half of the 14th century.

Information about copyright

Rights characteristic / license

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Attribution-ShareAlike

Link to the description of the license

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

Input taken over from:

Wikipedia contributors, 'Haapsalu Castle', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 28 August 2011, 22:19 UTC, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Haapsalu_Castle&oldid=447207431 [accessed 7 March 2012]

taken over / edited on

07 Mar 2012 - 08 Mar 2012

taken over / edited by

biroto-Redaktion

 

0 km
0,0 km
4 m

EE-90502 Haapsalu

 

Old town

 
 

Haapsalu (German and Swedish: Hapsal; Finnish: Haapasalo) is a seaside resort town located on the west coast of Estonia. It's the administrative centre of Lääne County and has a population of 11,618 (as of 1 January 2010).

Haapsalu has been well known for centuries for its warm seawater, curative mud and peaceful atmosphere. Narrow streets with early 20th century wooden houses repeatedly lead to the sea. Haapsalu has been called the "Venice of the Baltics", although this positioning has been criticized as exaggerating. The name "Haapsalu" is from Estonian haab 'aspen' and salu 'grove.

Information about copyright

Rights characteristic / license

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Attribution-ShareAlike

Link to the description of the license

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

Input taken over from:

Wikipedia contributors, 'Haapsalu', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 17 January 2012, 18:18 UTC, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Haapsalu&oldid=471901735 [accessed 7 March 2012]

taken over / edited on

07 Mar 2012

taken over / edited by

biroto-Redaktion

 

0 km
1,5 km
0 m

 

EE-90502 Haapsalu

 

Hotel

 

0 km
0,8 km
0 m

 

EE-90503 Haapsalu

 

Hotel

 

1 km
0,4 km
0 m

 

EE-90506 Haapsalu

 

Camping

 

busy

 


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