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Cycle Route Mikkeli - Imatra

No. of cycle route 14

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Elevation profile Cycle Route Mikkeli - Imatra

Added on 27 Dec 2011,

on 04 Dec 2020

Cycle route metrics

Total distance in km

297

Cumulative elevation gain in m

3.284

Avg. slope uphill in %

1,11

Cumulative elevation loss in m

3.267

GPS track data

Information about rights to the gps-track data

Rights owner

OpenStreetMap and Contributors + biroto-Redaktion (biroto.eu)

Rights characteristic / license

Contains information from OpenStreetMap, which is made available here under the Open Database License(ODbL)

Link to the description of the license

opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/

GPX file taken from

https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/285432

GPX file uploaded

by biroto-Redaktion on 04 Dec 2020

Track points in total

4.057

Track points per km (avg)

14

Start/endpoint

Start location

Mikkeli, Eastern Finland, FI (89 m NHN)

End location

Imatra, Southern Finland, FI (107 m NHN)

Beds4Cyclists, worth visiting and infrastructure

Name and address

Latitude / Longitude

Phone
Fax
Mobile

Type of accommodation

Route km
Dist. to route
Elevation AMSL

Rating for cyclists

 

170 km
0,2 km
89 m

FI-57130 Savonlinna

 

Castle/palace

Olavinlinna in Savonlinna
Olavinlinna in Savonlinna
Olavinlinna in Savonlinna
Olavinlinna in Savonlinna
Olavinlinna in Savonlinna
Olavinlinna in Savonlinna

Olavinlinna (Swedish: Olofsborg; literally Olaf's Castle) is a 15th-century three-tower castle located in Savonlinna Wikipedia Icon, Finland. It is built on an island in the Kyrönsalmi strait that connects the lakes Haukivesi Wikipedia Icon and Pihlajavesi Wikipedia Icon. It is the northernmost medieval stone fortress still standing.

The castle forms a spectacular stage for the Savonlinna Opera Festival Wikipedia Icon, held annually in the summer since 1912.

History

The fortress was founded by Erik Axelsson Tott in 1475 under the name Sankt Olofsborg in an effort to profit from the political turmoil following Ivan III's conquest of the Novgorod Republic. It was sited in Savonia Wikipedia Icon so as to lay claim to the Russian side of the border established by the Treaty of Nöteborg.

One of Tott's letters from 1477 includes a passing mention of foreign builders invited to Olofsborg, probably from Reval Wikipedia Icon, where the city fortifications were being extended. It was the first Swedish castle provided with a set of thickset circular towers that could withstand cannon fire. It is not by accident that a network of lakes and waterways forms the setting for the castle, for these would seriously impede a prospective Russian offensive.

The three-towered keep was completed in 1485, and the construction of the outer curtain walls with two towers was initiated immediately. They were completed in 1495. The castle is roughly a truncated rhomboid with keep on the western side of the island and the curtain walls and outer bailey to east. One of the towers of the keep, St. Erik's Tower, has a bad foundation and has since collapsed. One of the towers of Bailey, the Thick Tower, exploded in the 18th century. A bastion has been built on its place. The castle was converted into a Vaubanesque fort in the late 18th century with bastions.

Tourism

The castle hosts several small exhibitions, including the Castle Museum which displays artifacts found in the castle or related to it, and the Orthodox Museum which displays icons and other religious artifacts both from Finland and Russia.

Information about copyright

Rights characteristic / license

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Attribution-ShareAlike

Link to the description of the license

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

Input taken over from:

Wikipedia contributors, 'Olavinlinna', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 7 September 2020, 05:26 UTC, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Olavinlinna&oldid=977147540 [accessed 4 December 2020]

taken over / edited on

04 Dec 2020

taken over / edited by

biroto-Redaktion


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