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Cycle Route Turku - Liminka

No. of cycle route 8

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Elevation profile Cycle Route Turku - Liminka

Added on 10 Apr 2013,

on 11 Apr 2013

Cycle route metrics

Total distance in km

933

Cumulative elevation gain in m

3.230

Avg. slope uphill in %

0,35

Cumulative elevation loss in m

3.226

GPS track data

Information about rights to the gps-track data

Rights owner

Openstreetmap and Contributors + biroto-Redaktion (biroto.eu)

Rights characteristic / license

Contains information from OpenStreetMap, which is made available here under the Open Database License(ODbL)

Link to the description of the license

opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/

GPX file taken from

www.openstreetmap.org/browse/relation/121696

GPX file uploaded

by biroto-Redaktion on 10 Apr 2013

Track points in total

10.459

Track points per km (avg)

11

Start/endpoint

Start location

Turku, FI (4 m NHN)

End location

Liminka, FI (8 m NHN)

Beds4Cyclists, worth visiting and infrastructure

Name and address

Latitude / Longitude

Phone
Fax
Mobile

Type of accommodation

Route km
Dist. to route
Elevation AMSL

Rating for cyclists

 

0 km
0,2 km
12 m

Turku cathedral
FI-20500 Turku

 

Church/cathedral

Gerberatraum am Dom/Gerberas in front of the cathedral
Dom und Holzhäuser/Cathedral, wooden houses
/Fluss Aura und der Dom/Aura River and Turku Cathedral
Mittelalterliche Kalkmalereien/Medieval mural paintings

Turku Cathedral (Finnish: Turun tuomiokirkko, Swedish: Åbo domkyrka) is the Mother Church of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, and the country's national shrine. It is the central church of the Archdiocese of Turku and the seat of theArchbishop of FinlandKari Mäkinen. It is also regarded as one of the major records of Finnish architectural history.

Considered to be the most important religious building in Finland, the cathedral has borne witness to many important events in the nation's history and has become one of the city's most recognizable symbols. The cathedral is situated in the heart ofTurku next to the Old Great Square, by the river Aura. Its presence extends beyond the local precinct by having the sound of its bells chiming at noon broadcast on national radio. It is also central to Finland's annual Christmas celebrations.

The cathedral was originally built out of wood in the late 13th century, and was dedicated as the main cathedral of Finland in 1300, the seat of the bishop of Turku. It was considerably expanded in the 14th and 15th centuries, mainly using stone as the construction material. The cathedral was badly damaged during the Great Fire of Turku in 1827, and was rebuilt to a great extent afterwards.

As the town of Turku began to emerge in the course of the 13th century as the most important trading centre in Finland, the Bishop's see of the Diocese of Finland was transferred from its previous location at Koroinen, some distance further up on the bank of Aura river, to the middle of the town. By the end of the 13th century, a new stone church had been completed on the site of the former wooden-built parish church on Unikankare Mound, and it was consecrated in 1300 as the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Henry, the first Bishop of Finland.

At its earliest the cathedral was smaller than the present building. Its east front was where the pulpit stands now, and its roof was considerably lower than at the moment. Extensions were made to the cathedral throughout the Middle Ages. During the 14th century a new choir was added, from which the octagonal Gothic pillars in the present chancel originate. Throughout the Middle Ages, the High Altar was located opposite the easternmost pillars of the nave, until it was transferred to its present location in the apse, in what had previously been the Chapel of All Saints, in the mid-17th century.

During the 15th century, side-chapels were added along the north and south sides of the nave, containing altars dedicated to various saints. By the end of the Middle Ages these numbered 42 in total. The roof-vaults were also raised during the latter part of the 15th century to their present height of 24 meters. Thus, by the beginning of the Modern era, the church had approximately taken on its present shape. The major later addition to the cathedral is the tower, which has been rebuilt several times, as a result of repeated fires. The worst damage was caused by the Great Fire of Turku in 1827, when most of the town was destroyed, along with the interior of both the tower and the nave and the old tower roof. The present spire of the tower, constructed after the great fire, reaches a height of 101 meters above sea level, and is visible over a considerable distance as the symbol of both the cathedral and the city of Turku itself.

Information about copyright

Rights characteristic / license

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Attribution-ShareAlike

Link to the description of the license

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

Input taken over from:

Turku Cathedral. (2013, February 27). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:31, April 15, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Turku_Cathedral&oldid=540951775

taken over / edited on

15 Apr 2013

taken over / edited by

Ottocolor

Hours of opening

Daily 9 a.m. - 7 p.m. 
(in the summer till 8 p.m.) 
Please observe services and events.

 

0 km
3,1 km
8 m

Turku castle/Turun linna
FI-20100 Turku

 

Castle/palace

Die Vorburg/Turku Castle bailey
Burg von der alten Seite/Old side of the castle
Burg und Hafen/Castle and harbour
Im Innenhof der Burg/From the castle courtyard

Turku Castle (Finnish: Turun linna, Swedish: Åbo slott) is a medieval building in the city of Turku in Finland. Together with Turku Cathedral, the castle is one of the oldest buildings still in use in Finland. Turku Castle is the largest surviving medieval building in Finland. It was founded in the late 13th century and stands on the banks of the Aura River.

History

A start was made on building the castle in about 1280. The Swedish conquerors of Finland intended it originally as a military fortress. During the next two centuries its defences were strengthened and living quarters were added. The castle served as a bastion and administrative centre in Eastland, as Finland was then known, during the Swedish period. The main part of the castle was extended considerably during the 16th century after Gustav Vasa had ascended the Swedish throne and his son John headed the Finnish administration following his promotion to duke. The bailey was also supplemented and the round tower at the southeast corner of the bailey was added. Since then no part of the castle has been added or extended, only repaired.

The castle was ruled in different stages of its history by the castle sheriff, commander, regent, duke or governor-general. Its significance as a defensive fortress and administrative centre varied throughout the ages according to the political situation. Only once did the castle actually figure in the defence of the realm. This was when Russian invaders from Novgorod destroyed Turku in 1318. On the other hand, it frequently played a role in internal struggles for power within Sweden-Finland and the Kalmar Union. Not until the end of 16th century did it really enjoy peace. The castle lost its status as an administrative centre in the 17th century after Per Brahe's period as governor-general of Finland came to an end.

Construction

The layout of the castle consists of the Medieval keep (päälinna) and Renaissance bailey (esilinna). The keep consists of a square fort with two square gateway towers whose wall thickness at the base is some 5 meters.

In the Middle Ages the castle was surrounded by a moat conjoining with the River Aura, the castle effectively lying on an island. The keep was completed in the early 15th century. Construction of the bailey was begun in the late 15th century and finished in the 16th. The bailey is not as heavily fortified as the keep, but it has several turrets. The Renaissance construction work included heavy modification of nearly all the rooms in the older medieval part of the castle. Since the Renaissance no additions have been made to the castle.

The modest military fortification grew into a massive greystone castle, whose solid walls have witnessed many milestones in Nordic history. The castle has been subject to numerous sieges and several battles have been waged aside its walls. Of all Finnish castles, Turku castle has the most warlike history besides Vyborg castle and Olavinlinna.

Information about copyright

Rights characteristic / license

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Attribution-ShareAlike

Link to the description of the license

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

Input taken over from:

Turku Castle. (2013, March 25). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 17:41, April 15, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Turku_Castle&oldid=546966293

taken over / edited on

15 Apr 2013

taken over / edited by

Ottocolor

Hours of opening

Opening times

  • Tue–Sun 10–18
  • Mondays closed

Limited opening times 2013

  • Thur 28 March 10–15
  • Tue 30 April 10–15
  • Thur 20 June 10–15
  • Thur 5 December 10–15

The museum is closed 

  • 29 March – 1 April
  • 1 May
  • 9 May
  • 21–23 June
  • 6 December 
  • 24–25 December
  • 31 December – 1 January
 
 

136 km
0,2 km
7 m

Rauma, old town
FI-26100 Rauma

 

Old town/World heritage site

Sreet in old Rauma/Straße in der Altstadt von Rauma
Houses in Rauma/Häuser in Rauma
Old Rauma seen from Rauma watertower/Die Altstadt vom Wasserturm gesehen
Wooden house/Holzhaus in Rauma

Rauma (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈrɑumɑ], Swedish: Raumo) is a town and municipality of ca. 39,900 (28 February 2013 ) inhabitants on the west coast of Finland, 92 kilometres (57 mi) north of Turku, and 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of Pori. Granted town privileges on May 17, 1442 (then under the rule of Sweden), Rauma is known for its high quality lace (since the 18th century) and the old wooden architecture of its centre (Old Rauma, Vanha Rauma), which is a Unesco world heritage site.

History

In the 14th century, before being declared as a town, Rauma had a Franciscan monastery and a Catholic church. In 1550, the townsmen of Rauma were ordered to relocate to Helsinki, but this was successfully countered and Rauma could continue its growth.

Practically the whole wooden town of Rauma was devastated in the fires of 1640 and 1682. The wooden city centre, which is how large the town was until 1809, has approximately 600 wooden buildings. The neo-renaissance style of many of the houses is a result of prosperity brought on by seafaring. In 1897 Rauma had the largest fleet of sailing boats in Finland, totalling 57 vessels. Goods were mainly exported to Germany, Stockholm and the Baltic states. In the 1890s, Rauma got a teacher's college (a 'seminar'), which was later annexed to theUniversity of Turku. A part of the department of education still exists in Rauma.

The name Rauma comes from the Germanic word strauma, meaning "stream".

Information about copyright

Rights characteristic / license

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Attribution-ShareAlike

Link to the description of the license

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

Input taken over from:

Rauma, Finland. (2013, March 22). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:18, April 11, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rauma,_Finland&oldid=546413990

taken over / edited on

11 Apr 2013

taken over / edited by

Ottocolor

Hours of opening

Tourist information open:

Mondays, Wednesdays and Thursdays 9am to 4pm

Tuesdays, 9am to 5pm, Fridays 9am to 3pm                                                                                     

 

500 km
3,2 km
10 m

 

FI-65610 Vaasa

 

Hotel


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