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Szeged, Dél-Alföld, HU (80 m NHN)
Pécs, HU (123 m NHN)
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Anreise per Bahn nach Szeged (HU)
Abreise per Bahn ab Pec (HU), immer via Budapest
Fahrradfreundliche Unterkünfte, Sehenswertes und Infrastruktur
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Szeged is the third-largest city in Hungary is a town in Hungary, located in the Southeast of the country and known as "the city of sunshine" for its brilliant weather, as well as for the imposing cathedral, a wealth of Art Nouveau and historicist buildings, and for the fish soup Halászlé.
Szeged lies on Hungary's south-eastern border, just south of the mouth of the Maros river on both banks of the river Tisza. It is about 171 km South of Budapest on the M5 highway. It is the lowest elevation city in the country and is known as the "City of Sunshine", because it has the highest number of sunny days throughout the year. Szeged is the main city in Csongrád county and serves as a commercial and cultural center of the region. According to the 2011 data, the city's population was around 170.000.
Szeged's Open Air Theatre Festival held in the summer attracts people from all over Europe. Szeged is also famous for its gastronomy. Its delicious fish soup is known all over the world, and it has its own festival in September. One of the main attractions of Szeged is the River Tisza, that offers possibilities to do different water sports or boat trips. While boasting hundreds years of history, Szeged has been rebuilt almost entirely after the flood of 1879, which destroyed most of the city. Today, with its avenues, ring roads and beautiful palaces, Szeged is one of the nicest Hungarian cities.
- Cathedral of Our Lady of Hungary (Votive Church, Szegedi Dóm, Fogadalmi templom), Dóm tér ("Cathedral Square"), 15 (Beside the Dömötör tower), ☎ +36 62 420157, +36 20 8232901 (mobil). Opening Hours: Church Mo to Sa 06.30-19.00 Su 7:30-19:00; Sacristy 06.15-08:00 and 16:00-19:00 Su 07:30-12:30 and 16.00-19.00. Parish Office open Mo, We 08:00-12:00 and 14.00-16:00, Tu, Th, F 8:00-12:00, Sa, Su closed. This twin-spired church serves as the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Szeged–Csanád. - After the great flood of 1879 the municipal board made a wow to erect a monumental Votive Church. It was built between 1913 and 1930, in neo-Romanesque style according plans of Frigyes Schulek and Erno Foer. It is the fourth largest church in Hungary. The dome is 54m outside (33m above the inside floor) and the towers are both 91m high. The cathedral decorated inside and outside with numerous mosaics, statues and low-reliefs. Europe's third largest church organ with over nine thousand pipes is in the Cathedral. One of the most remarkable artistic work among the inside statues is "Christ on the Cross" by János Fadrusz which won Grand Prix in Paris in 1900. Another curiosity is on the ceiling of the sancuary where maria is depicted dressed in shepherd's felt cloak and Szeged slippers in mosaics. In the crypt of the Cathedral eminent clerical personalities are buried. The "Heroes' bell" (or bell of St. Gellert) in the tower on the Tisza side weights 8600kg,-made in 1927,-only seven times per year used. The second biggest bell of the church is 'St. Emeric', (2669kg, made in 1927) and there are more three smaller bells. - Walk around clockwise start at the main entrance (from Cathedral square), Chapel of St. Demetrius, altarpiece of St. Joseph of Kalazant, St. Stephen's side altar, War of the gate (left side, mid part, above the inscription: "Vae Victis" - "Woe to the defeated!"), Cross Fadrusz or Christ on the Cross sculpture (see above), St. Gerard altar, Sacred Heart altar, on the left side of main altar is the St. Demetrius relic shop, before the main altar is the altar with St. Gerard relics, on right of the main oltar is the sacristy, St. Anthony altar, Holy Cross altar, gravestone of Klebelsberg, Gate of Peace (side entrance, above the inscription: "Venite adoremus" - "Come, let us worship"), St. Ladislaus side altar, a altar painting of 'Women at the cross', chapel of 'Maria, the Helper'. Admission: free. Tower: Adult/reduced HUF650/400, crypt: HUF200.
- Serbian Orthodox Church (St. Nicolas church, Görögkeleti Szerb Ortodox Templom), Somogyi utca 3 (Close to Cathedral (north of its)), ☎ +36 62 426091, +36 30 4848778 (mobil). F 13.00-17.00, Sa 10.00-17.00. This beautiful Baroque church made by János Popovics was erected in honour of St. Nicolas. The icons displaying Baroque influence, the smoke of incense, the candlelight contributes to a special atmosphere. HUF200/100.
- ⊙St. Michael's Church of Tápéi (Tápéi Szent Mihály templom), Szeged - Tápé, Honfoglalás u.54. (Northeast, close to Tisa), ☎ +36 62 496788. Summer: Sa 08:00-9:00, 17:30-18:00, Su 09:00-09:30, 17:00-18:00; winter: Sa 08:00-09:00, 16:30-17:00, Su 09:00-09:30, 16:00-17:00 (check need). A Roman Catholic Church built in 1390's, in gothic style, using the walls of 11th-century church. Remains,-from this period,-can be see at buttressed, early Gothic sanctuary and the lower part of the tower of church. The Baroque transept (main nave) and the tower was built in 1770. The present nave dates from 1940. The fresco fragments of the sanctuary
- ⊙Szeged Synagogue (Hungarian: Szegedi zsinagóga, Új zsinagóga), Jósika u. 10, Hajnóczy utca 12. Open Su-Fr 09:00-14:00. (Closed on Jewish holidays). It is a 1907 building designed by the Jewish Hungarian architect Lipót Baumhorn. The building one of the finest examples of the unique fin de siecle Hungarian blending of Art Nouveau and Historicist styles sometimes known as Magyar style. It served Szeged's large Neolog community. Inside: its 48.5m tall domed ceiling, draws on multiple historical styles to produce its overall mixed Art Nouveau and Moorish Revival style. The rib-like wall above the organ has Gothic origins, while the columns supporting the galleries are Roman. The interior is decorated with painted stained glass, all of them are the work of the artist Miksa Róth. The design of the Torah Ark alludes to the Holy of Holies in the Temple of Solomon by using sittim wood from the banks of Nile, the wood called for in the building of the Temple of Solomon in 1 Kings. The hinges are in the shape of the Hysop plant, a plant used in the ancient Temple service. The artistically carved pews, the harmonizing blue, gold and ivory-while decorations were made according to the designs of Immanuel Löw. Entrance tickets, adults: HUF500 HUF, Students: HUF250 the tickets include the guiding, in English.
- ⊙Church of St. Roch (Szent Rókus templom), Szent Rókus tér (North of Bus Station), ☎ +36 62 498294, +36 30 8589189. Mo-Su: 06:00-12:00, 15:00-19:00. A roman catholic church. The neo-Gothic Szent Rókus Church has two towers, built by Ferenc Raichle in accordance with Sándor Aigner's and Károly Rainer's desgin in 1910.
- ⊙The New Reformed church (Új református templom), Honvéd tér 1. (Close to Big Department Store). The new Calvinist church planned in 1928. Completed only in 1944. Its dominant brick facade, was built of row. The tower of church has a flight of stone stairs leading up to the main entrance decorated with multiple orders of arches, above which there is a triangle with the Calvinist symbol of the flagged lamb made of coloured mosaics in it. The face of the clock tower is constructed of small illuminated squares. Above it there is the bell chamber with arched windows and an all-round corridor; the tower of 41m heigth is crowned with a small cap and a star.
- ⊙Demetrius Tower (Dömötör torony), Dóm Square (front of the much larger Votive Church). By appointment. is the oldest building in Szeged. The foundation was most probably laid during the 11th century, while the lower part was built in Romanesque style from the 12th century, and the upper part in Gothic style from the 13th century. The tower was once part of the former Szent Dömötör templom (St. Demetrius church). The upper part was rebuilt from the original stones in 1926. The architecture of the tower is similar to another found in Southern France, or in the territory of the former Byzantine Empire. Outside on the upper part, there are 48 pointed windows in three levels. On the lower part, a gate was cut and turned to a baptismal chapel in 1931. Above the gate there is a replica of the oldest sculpture in Szeged, the "Kőbárány" (stone lamb), an Agnus Dei (Lamb of God) representation from the early 12th century. The replica replaced the original sculpture in 1991. - Inside the tower, there is a fresco by Vilmos Aba-Novák of the baptism of Hungarians in the 11th century
- Saint Nicholas Church (Minorite Church, Szent Miklós templom), Munkácsy Mihály utca 7 (St. George's Square (Szent-György tér)), ☎ +36 62 420172. Opening hours: Mo-Sa: 17:00-19:00, Su: 07:00-12:00. The building of the roman catholic church was completed in 1767, in Late Baroque, based on the plans of the architect Vencel Lechner.
- Szent Gellért church (Szent Gellért templom), Tátra tér 5 (North of center), ☎ +36 62 483750, Guidance: only Hungarian; 10 mins; Call parish office +36 62 483-750. Opening hours: Mo-Fr 9:00-12:00; 15:00-18:00. A roman catholic church. It was built in 1975, in Modern style, designed by István Tarnai. Free.
- Jesus's Heart church, - Szeged, Fő tér, - T. +36 62 425370, It was built in 1936, in modern style, planned by Fábián Gáspár.
- ⊙Reformed church of Kálvin square (Kálvin téri református templom), Kálvin tér. built in 1884
- Reformed church of Petőfi Telep (Petőfi Telepi Református Templom), 6727 Szeged, Sirály utca 14. ☎ +36 62 426496, Sun:08:30-10:00
- Alsóvárosi Church and Monastery (Church of Grey Friars, Szeged-Alsóvárosi Ferences Templom), Szeged, Mátyás tér 26 (West three blocks from Train Station), ☎ +36 62 442384. M-F 09:00-12:00, 14:00-17:00, Su 07:00-11:00, 17:00-20:00. In the center of Alsóváros district stands a over 500-year-old group of buildings: a Franciscan church and monastery. The church was completed in 1503 in Gothic style. There are two icons of Maria in the Franciscan church of Alsóváros. One of them is placed in the baroque main altar. The other icon is the Black Mary.
- Church of Saint Elisabeth of Hungary (Árpádházi Szent Erzsébet Templom), Torontál tér 4. / Székely sor 2 (Close to Belvárosi bridge, in 'Újszeged' district, East side of the City), ☎ +36 62 430350. Masses Su: 7:30, 9:30, 18:00, Weekdays: 18:00. A roman catholic church. Built in Neo-Gothic style, in 1910. The main tower was over 30m high with assistent towers on both sides. The length of the church in the interior is 21m and it’s 13m wide. The building’s height is 12m. In order to construct a main altar, two side altars and a pulpit in New-Gothic style material from the nearby Rochus church in Szeged was delivered to the district New Szeged. The main altar presented the church patron Saint Elisabeth while the right main altar was devoted to the Virgin Mary. On the left side there was a Saint Cross altar erected. The confessional and the cupboard in the vestry were built by József Jamrik. The organ was purchased from the local organ building manufacture of János Szoukenik.
- Ferenc Mora Art Museum (Móra Ferenc Képzőművészeti Múzeum), Roosevelt tér 1-3, ☎ +36 62 549040. Daily 10.00-18.00. - works by Hungarian painters like: Munckacsy, Istvan Csok, Rudnay, Josef Rippl-Ronai and Szeged Synagogue. HUF1290.
- Pick Salami and Szeged Paprika Museum (Pick Szalámi és Szegedi Paprika Múzeum), Felsõ Tisza-part 10. Tu-Sa 3PM-6PM. Industrial History Museum Adult HUF980, Reduced HUF740.
- Black House (Museum of Currency, Fekete Ház), Somogyi u. 13, ☎ +36 62 425033, +36 62 425872. Daily 10.00-18.00. A branch of Ferenc Mora Museum.
- Castle Museum and Kass Gallery (Vármúzeum és a Kass Galéria), Vár u. 7, ☎ +36 62 549040. Daily 10.00-18.00. Kass Gallery Tu-Su 13.00-17.00. HUF690.
- Matthias Varga's Exhibition House of Theatre (Varga Mátyás Színháztörténet Kiállítóház), Bécsi krt. 11/A, ☎ +36 62 549040. By appointment. HUF590.
Szeged is famous for its local, traditional food. - The most famous of all is probably the Fisherman's soup (Halászlé), which is made from various freshwater fish using lots of paprika (this is not necessarily spicy, but you can definitely order it that way).
Szeged is also known for its good quality sausage and salami. Pick is Szeged's own brand, which is also exported to various countries around the world. Make sure that you try the famous "Pick salami". You can buy these products at most local grocery stores and smaller, family owned 24/7 stores.
Traditional Szeged-style fish restaurants
The traditional fisherman's restaurants are a great choice for visitors. Locals also visit these on a regular basis because of their excellent fish soup and wide selection of good other food. There are three main fishmerman's restaurants in town.
- ⊙Roosevelt square Fish Tavern (Roosevelt Téri Halászcsárda) (close to downtown, right across from the Móra Ferenc Museum by the bridgehead of the "old bridge").
- ⊙Kiskörössy Fish Tavern (Kiskörössy Halászcsárda) (in the northeastern part of Szeged, on the bank of the Tisza River.). This is an excellent choice in the warmer months, because you can enjoy your meal next to the river and quite often they will also have musicians perform traditional Hungarian folkmusic or Gypsy music for the guests. You'd probably want to catch a cab to get to this restaurant, and then use another cab to get back to your hotel.
- ⊙Fehértói Fish Tavern (Fehértói Halászcsárda) (is outside the city, next to the old E5 highway going towards Budapest. You can ask a cab to drop you off here and they can also bring you back.). This restaurant breeds its own fish and is known for its excellent fish soup. Their prices are reasonable as well.
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Text(e) übernommen von:
Wikivoyage contributors, 'Szeged', Wikivoyage, The FREE worldwide travel guide that anyone can edit, 9 May 2016, 17:57 UTC, <https://en.wikivoyage.org/w/index.php?title=Szeged&oldid=2992773> [accessed 19 August 2016]
übernommen / bearbeitet am
06.12.2015 - 20.09.2016
übernommen / bearbeitet durch
1 November - 31 March: Mon-Fri: 9-17 h Sat, Sun: closed
1 April- 31 May: Mon-Fri: 9-17 h Sat: 9-13 h Sun: closed
1 June - 31 August: Mon-Fri: 9-18 h Sat: 9-13 h Sun: closed
1 Septembr- 31 October: Mon-Fri: 9-17 h Sat: 9-13 h Sun: closed
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