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Radtour Newport - Bath

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Erstellt am 09.06.2014,

am 10.06.2014

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Gesamtlänge in km

227

0

Gesamthöhenmeter Aufstieg

2.431

0

Durchschn. Steigung Aufstieg %

1,07

-

Gesamthöhenmeter Abstieg

2.269

0

GPS-Track-Daten

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Rechte-Inhaber

tikey

Rechte-Ausprägung / Lizenz

cc0: Public Domain keine Rechte vorbehalten

Link zur Rechtebeschreibung

creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/

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durch tikey am 10.06.2014

Gesamtzahl Trackpoints

1.852

0

Trackpoint-Dichte per km

8

0

Endorte

Start

Lewes, England, GB (3 m NHN)

Ziel

Bath, England, GB (165 m NHN)

Etappen

Fahrradfreundliche Unterkünfte, Sehenswertes und Infrastruktur

Name u. Anschrift

Breite / Länge

Tel.
Fax.
Mobile

Art d. Unterkunft

Strecken-km
km zur Strecke
Höhe über NHN

Radlerfreundlichkeit

 

77 km
3,6 km
14 m

 

GB-GU29 9DJ Chichester

 

Touristen Information

 

173 km
2,2 km
104 m

GB-SP4 7DE Amesbury

 

Bodendenkmal

Stonehenge
Summer Solstice Sunrise over Stonehenge

Stonehenge is a well-known Neolithic and Bronze Age stone monument located in a UNESCO World Heritage Site (WHS) on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England. The whole WHS is quite large and contains many other structures from the Neolithic and Bronze Ages.

Understand

Stonehenge is in a World Heritage Site of over 2000 hectares that is considered one of the most archaeologically rich in Europe. It is home to some of the most important Neolithic and Bronze Age finds and structures in the UK, and contains some 200 scheduled monuments. It is also the site of one of the biggest Chalk grassland reversion projects in the world.

Stonehenge is owned by the nation and is administered by English Heritage. Much of the World Heritage Site land is owned by local farms, but a third is owned and managed by the National Trust who are spearheading the grass regeneration scheme.

A new visitor facilities is now open, part of a new joint approach by English Heritage with the Salisbury Museum and the Wiltshire Heritage Museum in Devizes.

History

Evidence indicates that the area around Stonehenge has been occupied since around 8000BC, but it was during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods that the vast majority of the monuments around it came to be built. Early work at Stonehenge itself began in 3000BC when an outer ditch and embankment was constructed, and standing timbers erected. From about 2500BC, Neolithic and Bronze Age man started to bring Bluestones and Sarsen stones from Wales and the Marlborough Downs. It was not until 1600BC that Stonehenge came to be completed. Most of the other monuments in the area such as Durrington Walls and Woodhenge date from the same period. A nearby hill fort was built during the Iron Age, and there is evidence to suggest that the area was extensively settled by the Romans. The nearby town of Amesbury was later settled during the Saxon reign in 979AD.

Stonehenge and the land immediately around it was bought for the nation in 1918. Being on the edge of the military training area Salisbury Plain, a large number of military facilities have also been constructed in the area, including military barracks, a light railway and an aerodrome built within a stone's throw of Stonehenge (most of which has now fortunately been removed). Since then the National Trust has acquired some 850 hectares around Stonehenge, and the area was given UNESCO World Heritage status in 1986.

Landscape

The Stonehenge landscape is one of the best preserved areas of readily accessible chalk downland in the UK. On the edge of Salisbury plain it features several rolling hills and dry river valleys that allow for pleasant walks without too much trouble. Surrounding farmland is ideal for crops and animal grazing.

See

Aside from the plentiful wildlife and nature available, the UNESCO site is considered one of the most impressive archaeological sites in Britain. The landscape boasts several outstanding Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments that can be reached on foot a short distance from the famous Stonehenge [2].

Stonehenge

Unlike the other monuments in the area, there is an entrance charge (but see below). An entry fee of £15.50 for adults and £9.30 for children (Apr 2016) includes an audio guide. Tickets are best purchased on-line before visiting, you need to give a time for your visit but except peak time there is some flexibility once you arrive. There is no access to the stone circle itself - visitors are guided around the monument by roped pathways and on-site attendants. The audio guide is available in several languages and if you listened to all available material would take an estimated 30–60 minutes.

It is not usually possible to walk among the stones themselves, but English Heritage and some tour operators from Salisbury can arrange early morning or evening visits allowing you to do this [3].

If on a budget, you can view the stones for free from the access land a short distance away on the north side. The access land also contans various tumuli (burial mounds) nearby.

Stonehenge Cursus

A huge and mysterious monument, the cursus is a 3 km long earthwork just north of Stonehenge. Consisting of a ditch and bank running east-west, it is still visible on the landscape, although its purpose remains unknown.

The Avenue

A ceremonial approach way to Stonehenge, the Avenue links the monument to the river Avon. Its ditch and embankment can still be seen from the stones, and its path can be followed up to King Barrows Ridge.

Winterbourne Stoke Barrows

A mile west of Stonehenge is a collection of every type of burial mound found in the UK. A neolithic long barrow creates an alignment that later Bronze Age barrows have been built on, including distinct bowl, bell, pond, saucer and disc barrows.

Normanton Down

Less than half a mile south of Stonehenge, this is a cemetery of over 50 barrows, including the famous w:Bush Barrow with finds in the w:Wiltshire Museum in Devizes. The area around the barrows is now an RSPB reserve for stone curlews.

King Barrows Ridge

So called because of its commanding views of Stonehenge, King Barrows Ridge is on the course of the Avenue, and delivers one of the most breathtaking views over Stonehenge bowl.

Woodhenge

A contemporary monument to Stonehenge, Woodhenge was a series of timbers erected in oval rings, and like Stonehenge is aligned to the rising sun on the summer solstice. The old timber postholes are now marked with small concrete plinths (although there are plans to reconstruct the timbers as they may have looked), and although short on information the site offers a peaceful location away from the crowds at Stonehenge .

Durrington Walls

Just north of Woodhenge, Durrington Walls has been revealed as the site of a great Neolithic village, and likely home of several religious activities. The walls themselves are the remains of the largest henge (earthworks) monument in the UK - some 500 in diameter.

Do

  • Take the opportunity to explore the countryside and monuments surrounding Stonehenge instead of just viewing the stones and leaving. The National Trust offer excellent guided tours of the landscape. Contact details are on the [4] Additionally a great deal of information can be gained from the information boards around the area that isn't available from the Stonehenge centre.
  • Visit Stonehenge on the Summer Solstice (21 June), Winter Solstice (21st, 22nd or 23 December), or the Spring and Autumanal Equinox, in order to gain free entry to the stones (and sometimes walk among them), and to venerate nature with the neo-pagans and druids who gather here at these dates.
  • Take the opportunity to find out more about Stonehenge at the two nearby museums that have nationally important collections - Wiltshire Museum and Salisbury Museum. See finds from Stonehenge, Woodhenge and Durrington Walls, as well as gold from the time of Stonehenge.

Informationen zu Urheber-Rechten

Rechte-Ausprägung / Lizenz

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Namensnennung, Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen

Link zur Rechtebeschreibung

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/de/

Text(e) übernommen von:

Wikivoyage contributors, 'Stonehenge', Wikivoyage, The FREE worldwide travel guide that anyone can edit, 15 February 2017, 12:18 UTC, <https://en.wikivoyage.org/w/index.php?title=Stonehenge&oldid=3150875> [accessed 9 March 2017]

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211 km
0,2 km
26 m

GB-BA14 Trowbridge

 

Historische(s) Gebäude

East Gate of Farleigh Hungerford Castle
Farleigh Hungerford Castle
Farleigh Castle

Trowbridge is the county town of Wiltshire in the West Country of England.

Understand

Modern-day Trowbridge is a rather uninspiring mid-sized English town, but one with a surprisingly rich history.

The Kennett and Avon canal runs to the north of Trowbridge and played a large part in the development of the town as it allowed coal to be transported from the Somerset Coalfield. The town was an also a major British centre in the textile industry in south west England in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and was even described in 1820 as "The Manchester of the West". The textile industry is now mostly all long gone, but evidence remains by way of buildings and a decent little local museum.

See

  • Farleigh Hungerford Castle, Farleigh Hungerford village, nr Trowbridge, BA2 7RS,  +44 1225 754026. daily 10AM-6PM. The remains of this very grand castle are in the Frome valley just 3 miles out of Trowbridge. The castle dates from the 14th century and was occupied by the Hungerford family for 300 years. It contains some rare medieval wall paintings. The surrounding village is the epitome of rural southwestern English charm. adults £4.10, children £2.50, concessions £3.70. Farleigh Hungerford Castle on Wikipedia 
  • Trowbridge Museum, The Shires, Court Street,  +44 1225 751339. Tu-F 10AM-4PM, Sa 10AM-4:30PM. Exhibits here focus mostly on Trowbridge's history as a major British textile town. This was also Issac Pitman's home town and there is an exhibit about his life and times. Free. Trowbridge Museum on Wikipedia 

Informationen zu Urheber-Rechten

Rechte-Ausprägung / Lizenz

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Namensnennung, Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen

Link zur Rechtebeschreibung

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/de/

Text(e) übernommen von:

Wikivoyage contributors, 'Trowbridge', Wikivoyage, The FREE worldwide travel guide that anyone can edit, 19 January 2017, 20:20 UTC, <https://en.wikivoyage.org/w/index.php?title=Trowbridge&oldid=3125937> [accessed 9 March 2017]

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225 km
2,4 km
29 m

GB-BA1 1NJ Bath

 

Historische(s) Gebäude

Bath Abbey
Roman Baths, Bath
Pulteney Bridge, Bath

Bath is a historic Roman and Georgian spa city. It is a World Heritage Site, situated 100 miles west of London and 15 miles (25 km) south-east of the nearest big city, Bristol. Bath is famous for its hot springs, Roman period baths, Medieval heritage and stately Georgian architecture. Set in the rolling Somerset countryside on the southern edge of the Cotswolds, Bath (population 80,000+) offers a diverse range of attractions for its 4.4 million visitors each year: restaurants, theatres, cinemas, pubs and nightclubs, along with interesting museums, and a wide range of guided tours.

Understand

History

Bath is among the oldest of England’s principal tourist destinations and has been welcoming visitors for centuries. The three hot springs within the city were sacred to the Celtic goddess Sulis, whom the Romans later identified with the goddess Minerva. Bath first achieved its status as a sacred spa site with the growth of the Roman settlement Aquae Sulis around the thermal springs. The Roman period saw a vast complex of baths constructed - the remains of these were re-discovered in the 18th century and helped fuel Bath's modern revival as a luxury resort.

Bath was a prosperous city in the Medieval period, the site of an Abbey and Cathedral (under the Bishop of Bath and Wells). The Reformation under Henry VIII saw some uncertainty emerge in Bath's future, although the reign of Elizabeth I saw the first revival of the town as a spa resort. It was during the Georgian period, however, that Bath came once again into its own. Exceedingly fashionable, Bath was laid out in stately avenues, streets and crescents, encrusted with Neo-Classical public buildings.

Bath suffered a significant amount of damage during air raids in World War II. The prestigious crescents and terraces were relatively unscathed and restored where necessary, but some of the more minor Georgian and Victorian streets were demolished both after the war and during a later ill-conceived phase of development known now as the "Sack Of Bath". Consequently some modern buildings pop up in unexpected places, and the locals are generally very opposed to any major building developments that are put forward. In 2011 some of those works are substantially complete with a brand new shopping centre near the railway station recently opened.

See

Landmarks
  • Roman Baths, Stall St, BA1 1LZ,  +44 1225 477785. 09:30-17:30 (Nov-Feb), 09-18:00 (Mar-Jun,Sep-Oct), 09-22:00 (Jul-Aug). Built by the Romans around 2000 years ago, and later rediscovered by the Victorians, the Roman Baths are the must-see tourist attraction in Bath. The baths are fuelled by England's only mineral hot springs, outputting over a million litres of hot water each day. You can wander the rooms that made up the baths, including the large open air 'Great Bath', see Roman, medieval, and Georgian architecture, and learn about the history of Bath Spa. The Baths are superbly maintained and the exhibits are filled with eye-popping archaeology. Make sure you get a taste of the "bath" water from the pump in the Georgian Pump Room restaurant. £14/adult, £11.75/seniors, £8.80/child. Roman Baths (Bath) on Wikipedia 

Come out of the Roman Baths and you will see:

  • Bath Abbey, 12 Kingston Buildings, BA1 1LT,  +44 1225 422462. M 09:30-18:00, T-Sa 09-18:00, Su 13-14:30/16:30-17:30. The last Gothic church in England, started in 1499 and built on the ruins of the former Norman cathedral, this impressively large church (of small cathedral proportions) is located next to the Roman Baths. A place of Australian pilgrimage: Arthur Philip, first Governor of New South Wales and founder of the city of Sydney has his burial and memorial within the Abbey. A wonderful view of Bath can be had with a trip up the Abbey tower (tours hourly, £6/adult, £3/child). free. Bath Abbey on Wikipedia 

Come out of the main Abbey door, turn right and follow the pavement round the corner past the statue of "The Lady With The Pitcher". Pass some bookshops and a shop selling Bath Aqua Glass and cross the road to the entrance to Parade Gardens. Then follow the road to the left to see:

  • Pulteney Bridge & Pulteney Weir. Was designed by Robert Adam completed in 1773. It is one of only four bridges in the world with shops across the full span on both sides and overlooks the impressive Pulteney Weir. Tourist trips by boat leave from the Weir during summer months. 

Cross Pulteney Bridge to see:

  • Great Pulteney Street. Quintessential Georgian street on the other side of Pulteney Bridge. Film location for 2005's 'Vanity Fair' (the Reese Witherspoon version). Made for casual strolling past the Laura Place fountain, down to the Holborne Museum, around Sydney Gardens, then back up Great Pulteney Street. Below Great Pulteney Street is the Recreation Ground, home of the Bath rugby union club. 

Go back in the direction of the Parade Gardens to catch a Hop On Hop Off Tourist bus to take you to:

  • Royal Crescent, 1 Royal Crescent, BA1 2LS. A magnificent semi-elliptical crescent of houses designed by John Wood and completed in 1774. This was the first of Bath's eight crescents, and its shape remains unique. You can visit one of the houses which has been redecorated to resemble what it would have been like at the end of the 18th century. But you don't need to go in to admire the exterior and its view over Bath. There is also a large semi-circular lawn out the front owned by the Royal Crescent residents. It is separated from Victoria Park by a ha-ha. 
  • Bath's other Crescents. Georgian architecture at its best can be seen at Bath's handful of crescent shaped, residential streets, offering superb views over the city. The Royal Crescent is the most famous, but Camden Crescent offers the best views, Cavendish Crescent is the most petite. Lansdown Crescent and Widcombe Crescent are also fine examples. 
  • Sion Hill. Wealthy neighbourhood in the upper part of the city that makes for a pleasant stroll. Attractive Bath stone buildings. 
  • Sally Lunn's Refreshment House & Museum. Oldest House in Bath.
  • Walcot Street. Bath's 'Camden Town' bohemia with "bargain" antiques and weekend markets. 
Museums and galleries
  • No.1 Royal Crescent, 1 Royal Crescent, BA1 2LS,  +44 1225 428126. M 12-17:30, T-Su 10:30-17:30, mid-Feb until mid-Dec. Visitors can now see this grand Georgian town house redecorated and furnished to show how it might have appeared in the late 18th century. £8.50/adults, £3.50/child, £6.50/seniors, £6.50/students. 
  • The small Building of Bath Museum, in the Countess of Huntingdon's Chapel on the Paragon. One of the most fascinating museums in Bath. It gives an excellent history of the development of the Georgian city, illustrated with cut-away wooden models which give a better insight than any book into the construction and structure of Georgian houses and their furnishings. It also houses a unique collection of 18th century builder's tools. No queues, off the tourist track - but only 7 minutes walk from the Roman Baths and set in a wonderful Georgian area of the city.
  • Museum of Costume, Bath Assembly Rooms, Bennett Street, BA1 2QH (Adjacent to the Royal Crescent and Circus),  +44 1225 477282. A world-class collection of contemporary and historical dress. 
  • Holburne Museum of Arts, Great Pulteney Street. Displays the treasures collected by Sir William Holburne: superb English and continental silver, porcelain, maiolica, glass and Renaissance bronzes. The Picture Gallery contains works by Turner, Guardi, Stubbs and others plus portraits of Bath society by Thomas Gainsborough. 
  • Jane Austen Centre, 40 Gay St,  +44 1225 443000. The, Queens Square. This museum is very popular and a fascinating testament to Jane Austen's lasting appeal. As a museum it is somewhat disappointing as it is in a house where Jane never lived and contains no items with any connection to her (unless you count items from recent films). 
  • Hershel Museum of Astronomy, 19 New King St, BA1 2BL,  +44 1225 446865. (Adult £5 concessions available). An excellent museum if you are interested in the history of science and astronomy music and culture at the time when Bath was at the height of fashion; it is also a perfectly restored Georgian townhouse of the type lived in by people of 'the middling sort' and the Georgian garden is delightful. William Herschel lived here with his sister Caroline, and it was here that he discovered the planet Uranus using what was then the world's most powerful telescope that he had made himself in his workshop. The museum now has a new gallery for temporary exhibitions.
  • The Museum of Bath at Work. Housed in an eighteenth century Real Tennis Court, the Museum traces the development of Bath a retailing and manufacturing centre. If you want to see a side of Bath that's not in the guidebooks, like victorian factories, this museum is well worth a visit. 
  • Sally Lunn's Refreshment House & Museum. City centre shrine to the original Bath Bun - claims to be the Oldest House in Bath, and it very nearly is - the simple but enjoyable museum in cellars is free if guests take refreshment - see below under eat. 
  • American Museum in Britain. closed Dec 15 - Mar 16. Adult £6.50.
  • Beckford's Tower & Museum +44 1225 460705. Sa-Su 10:30-17, Mar-Oct. A small tower with an interesting history and museum. £4/adult, £3/concessions, £1.50/child, £9/family.

Informationen zu Urheber-Rechten

Rechte-Ausprägung / Lizenz

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Namensnennung, Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen

Link zur Rechtebeschreibung

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/de/

Text(e) übernommen von:

Wikivoyage contributors, 'Bath', Wikivoyage, The FREE worldwide travel guide that anyone can edit, 18 February 2017, 16:03 UTC, <https://en.wikivoyage.org/w/index.php?title=Bath&oldid=3152695> [accessed 9 March 2017]

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10.03.2017 - 11.03.2017

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