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Tynemouth Castle and Priory

Sehenswürdigkeiten

Erstellt am 13.12.2020,

zuletzt geändert von »biroto-Redaktion« am 13.12.2020

Radwege und Fahrrad-Touren in der Nähe

Name/BezeichnungTypkm zur Strecke

Scotland - Dover

Route

0,1 km

EuroVelo: Nordseeküsten-Radweg - Teil Shetland bis Harwich

Route

0,1 km

Cockermouth nach Tynemouth

Route

0,2 km

Hadrians Radweg

Route

1,7 km

busy

 

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Art der Sehenswürdigkeit

Burg/Schloss

 

Name u. Anschrift

Tynemouth Castle and Priory

GB-NE30 4DB North Tyneside

GEO-Koordinaten

55.017500 -1.418800

Kommunikation

Internet

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Tynemouth Castle
Tynemouth Castle
Tynemouth Castle und Priorei
Tynemouth Castle und Priorei
Kirche der Priorei Tynemouth
Kirche der Priorei Tynemouth

Tynemouth Castle is located on a rocky headland (known as Pen Bal Crag), overlooking Tynemouth Wikipedia Icon Pier. The moated castle-towers, gatehouse and keep are combined with the ruins of the Benedictine priory where early kings of Northumbria were buried. The coat of arms of the town of Tynemouth still includes three crowns commemorating the tradition that the Priory had been the burial place for three kings.

Origins of the Priory

Little is known of the early history of the site. Some Roman stones have been found there, but there is no definite evidence that it was occupied by the Romans. The Priory was founded early in the 7th century, perhaps by Edwin of Northumbria. In 651 Oswin, king of Deira was murdered by the soldiers of King Oswiu of Bernicia, and subsequently his body was brought to Tynemouth for burial.[1] He became St Oswin and his burial place became a shrine visited by pilgrims. He was the first of the three kings buried at Tynemouth.

In 792 Osred II, who had been king of Northumbria from 789 to 790 and then deposed, was murdered. He also was buried at Tynemouth Priory.[1] Osred was the second of the three kings buried at Tynemouth. The third king to be buried at Tynemouth was Malcolm III, king of Scotland, who was killed at the Battle of Alnwick in 1093. The king's body was sent north for reburial, in the reign of his son Alexander I, at Dunfermline Abbey, or possibly Iona.

The castle

It is believed that at the time of Robert Mowbray's capture in 1095 there was a castle on the site consisting of earthen ramparts and a wooden stockade. In 1296 the prior of Tynemouth was granted royal permission to surround the monastery with walls of stone, which he did. In 1390 a gatehouse and barbican were added on the landward side of the castle. Much remains of the priory structure as well as the castle gatehouse and walls which are 3200 feet (975 m) in length. The promontory was originally completely enclosed by a curtain wall and towers, but the north and east walls fell into the sea, and most of the south wall was demolished; the west wall, the gatehouse and a section of the south wall (with original wall walk) remain in good condition.

Informationen zu Urheber-Rechten

Rechte-Ausprägung / Lizenz

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Namensnennung, Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen

Link zur Rechtebeschreibung

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/de/

Text(e) übernommen von:

Wikipedia contributors, 'Tynemouth Castle and Priory', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 30 October 2020, 17:41 UTC, <https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tynemouth_Castle_and_Priory&oldid=986245584> [accessed 13 December 2020]

übernommen / bearbeitet am

13.12.2020

übernommen / bearbeitet durch

biroto-Redaktion

Radwege und Fahrrad-Touren in der Nähe

Name/BezeichnungTypkm zur Strecke

Scotland - Dover

Route

0,1 km

EuroVelo: Nordseeküsten-Radweg - Teil Shetland bis Harwich

Route

0,1 km

Cockermouth nach Tynemouth

Route

0,2 km

Hadrians Radweg

Route

1,7 km

Erstellt am 13.12.2020,

zuletzt geändert von »biroto-Redaktion« am 13.12.2020