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Cycle Route Sverigeleden Önnestad-Helsingborg

No. of cycle route 39

busy

 

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Elevation profile Cycle Route Sverigeleden Önnestad-Helsingborg

Added on 15 Dec 2011,

on 09 Dec 2020

Cycle route metrics

Total distance in km

143

Cumulative elevation gain in m

1.072

Avg. slope uphill in %

0,75

Cumulative elevation loss in m

1.080

GPS track data

Information about rights to the gps-track data

Rights owner

OpenStreetMap and Contributors + biroto-Redaktion (biroto.eu)

Rights characteristic / license

Contains information from OpenStreetMap, which is made available here under the Open Database License(ODbL)

Link to the description of the license

opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/

GPX file taken from

https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/103865

GPX file uploaded

by biroto-Redaktion on 09 Dec 2020

Track points in total

1.958

Track points per km (avg)

14

Start/endpoint

Start location

Önnestad, Skåne, SE (18 m NHN)

End location

Helsingborg, Skåne, SE (9 m NHN)

Signposting

 

Schild

Beds4Cyclists, worth visiting and infrastructure

Name and address

Latitude / Longitude

Phone
Fax
Mobile

Type of accommodation

Route km
Dist. to route
Elevation AMSL

Rating for cyclists

 

141 km
1,7 km
3 m

 

SE-252 30 Helsingborg

 

Youth hostel

 

143 km
0,2 km
13 m

 

SE-25224 Helsingborg

 

Hotel without restaurant (garni)

 
 

143 km
4,5 km
4 m

Kronborg slot
DK-3000 Helsingør

 

Castle/palace/World heritage site

Kronborg castle in Elsinore
Kronborg castle in Elsinore
Courtyard
Courtyard
Holger Danske
Holger Danske
Lighthouse and bastion
Lighthouse and bastion

Kronborg is a castle and star fortress in the town of Helsingør Wikipedia Icon, Denmark. Immortalized as Elsinore in William Shakespeare Wikipedia Icon's playHamlet Wikipedia Icon, Kronborg is one of the most important Renaissance castles in Northern Europe Wikipedia Icon and was added to UNESCO's World Heritage Sites list on November 30, 2000.

The castle is situated on the extreme northeastern tip of the island of Zealand Wikipedia Icon at the narrowest point of the Øresund Wikipedia Icon, the sound between Denmark and Sweden. In this part, the sound is only 4 km wide, hence the strategic importance of maintaining a coastal fortification at this location commanding one of the few outlets of the Baltic Sea.

History

The castle's story dates back to a stronghold, Krogen, built by King Eric VII Wikipedia Icon in the 1420s. Along with the fortress Kärnan Wikipedia Icon, Helsingborg Wikipedia Iconon the opposite coast of Øresund, it controlled the entranceway to the Baltic Sea. From 1574 to 1585 King Frederick II Wikipedia Icon had the medieval fortress radically transformed into a magnificent Renaissance castle. The main architects were the Flemings Wikipedia Icon Hans Hendrik van Paesschen Wikipedia Icon and Anthonis van Obbergen Wikipedia Icon, whereas the sculptural work was coordinated by Gert van Groningen Wikipedia Icon. In 1629 a fire destroyed much of the castle, but King Christian IV Wikipedia Icon subsequently had it rebuilt. The castle also got a chuch whithin its walls. In 1658 Kronborg was besieged and captured by the Swedes who took many of its valuable art treasures as war booty Wikipedia Icon. In 1785 the castle ceased to be a royal residence and was converted into barracks for the army. The army left the castle in 1923, and after a thorough renovation it was opened to the public.

The castle's story dates back to a fortress, Krogen (lit. English: the Hook), built in the 1420s by the Danish king Wikipedia Icon, Eric of Pomerania Wikipedia Icon. The king insisted on the payment of sound dues Wikipedia Icon by all ships wishing to enter or leave the Baltic Sea passing through the Sound Wikipedia Icon; to help enforce his demands, he built a powerful fortress at the narrowest point in the Sound. At the time, the Kingdom of Denmark Wikipedia Icon extended across both sides of the Sound, and on the eastern shore the Helsingborg Castle Wikipedia Icon had been in existence since the Middle Ages. With the two castles and guard ships it was possible to control all navigation through the Sound.

From 1574 to 1585 Frederick II Wikipedia Icon had the medieval fortress rebuilt into a magnificent Renaissance castle, unique in its appearance and size throughout Europe.

In 1629, a moment's carelessness by two workmen caused much of the castle to go up in flames in the night between the 24 and 25 September. Only the Chapel was spared by the strength of its arches. King Christian IV Wikipedia Icon put great efforts into restoring the castle. Already in 1631, the work was underway, led by the architect Wikipedia Icon Hans van Steenwinckel the Younger Wikipedia Icon. By 1639 the exterior — which in keeping with the king's wish was reconstructed without major changes — was once again magnificent, but the interior never fully regained its former glory. Furthermore, certain modernizations were made, and portals, chimneypieces, ceiling paintings and other decorations were renewed in Baroque style.

During the Dano-Swedish War of 1658-60 Wikipedia Icon, Kronborg was besieged, attacked and conquered by a Swedish army, commanded by Carl Gustaf Wrangel Wikipedia Icon.

As a result of the Swedish occupation, Kronborg was deprived of many of its most precious art works, including the richly decorated fountain in the castle courtyard, Frederick II's canopy and a number of the large ceiling paintings commissioned by Christian IV for the ballroom.

From 1739 until the 1900s, Kronborg was used as a prison. The inmates were guarded by the soldiers billeted in the castle. The convicts had been sentenced to work on the castle's fortifications. The convicts were divided into two categories: those with minor sentences were categorised as "honest" and were allowed to work outside the castle walls; those serving sentences for violence, murder, arson or the like were categorised as "dishonest" and had to serve the full sentence doing hard physical labour inside the castle ramparts. Otherwise, they served their time under the same conditions: they all had to wear chains and spend nights in cold and damp dungeons.

The captain of every ship sailing through the strait had to state the value of ship's cargo. Money that had to be paid to the King of Denmark was then calculated depending on the value of the cargo. The king had the right to buy the cargo for the price the ship's captain stated. This policy prevented captains from stating prices that were too low. The Sound Dues were abolished in 1857 due to an American initiative.

The army left the castle in 1923, and after a thorough renovation it was opened to the public in 1938.

Cultural significance

Hamlet

Kronborg is known by many also as "Elsinore," the setting of William Shakespeare Wikipedia Icon's famous tragedy Hamlet, Prince of Denmark Wikipedia Icon.Hamlet was performed in the castle for the first time to mark the 200th anniversary of the death of William Shakespeare, with a cast consisting of soldiers from the castle garrison. The stage was in the telegraph tower in the southwest corner of the castle. The play has since been performed several times in the courtyard and at various locations on the fortifications. Later performers to play Hamlet Wikipedia Icon at the castle included Laurence Olivier Wikipedia Icon, John Gielgud Wikipedia Icon, Christopher Plummer Wikipedia Icon, Derek Jacobi Wikipedia Icon, and in 2009 Jude Law Wikipedia Icon.

Holger the Dane

According to a legend linked to Arthurian myth, a Danish king known as Holger the Dane Wikipedia Icon, was taken to Avalon Wikipedia Icon by Morgan le Fay Wikipedia Icon. He returned to rescue France from danger, then traveled to Kronborg castle, where he sleeps until he is needed to save his homeland. His beard has grown to extend along the ground. A statue of the sleeping Holger has been placed in the castle.

In the Danish tongue he is called Holger Danske.

Information about copyright

Rights characteristic / license

by-sa: CREATIVE COMMONS Attribution-ShareAlike

Link to the description of the license

creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

Input taken over from:

Kronborg. (2013, April 11). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20:59, April 15, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kronborg&oldid=549884054

taken over / edited on

15 Apr 2013 - 16 Apr 2013

taken over / edited by

Ottocolor

Hours of opening

January - Easter (22.3)Tue - Sun11am - 4pm
Easter (23.3) - MayDaily11am - 4pm
June, July and August Daily10am - 5.30pm
September - OctoberDaily11am - 4pm
November - December   Tue - Sun   11am - 4pm

Tickets are sold until 30 minutes before closing time.

The castle is closed for the public on the 1 January, 24, 25 and 31 December 2013.

 

143 km
0,3 km
1 m

 

SE-252 21 Helsingborg

 

Tourist information

Hours of opening

Mo-We 10:00-18:00, Th 10:00-20:00, Sa-Su 10:00-17:00


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